Monday, 12 October 2015

Arthur Gardiner - Soldier, bushman and good "sport"

I found this interesting article in the Dandenong Advertiser of March 15, 1917. It's interesting because it talks about a few different local towns and areas and because it harks back to the time when this area was all rural and people had to live off the land to survive and when the hunting of native animals was accepted. It also reflects the importance of the British Empire - when bushman like Arthur would join up to fight for the Empire in South Africa - which naturally reflected the time this article was written when other men were also fighting for the Empire - this time in the Great War. So here is the story of Arthur Gardiner - soldier, bushman and good 'sport'. I have transcribed the article, with original spelling. 

Dandenong Advertiser March 15, 1917

The above is a reproduction of a photo of Mr Arthur Gardiner, of Main Street, Pakenham, where he has a thriving butchering business. In his younger days he was in business in the wilds of Gembrook, long before the "iron horse" traversed the beautiful scenery between Fern Tree Gully and Gembrook terminus (and some of the finest scenery in Australia  is to be found in this popular health resort, which is now studded with cosey bungalows and week-end homes) As a "full private" Arthur went right through the Boer War and you can bet your life he played the Boers' game  in getting through rough country, his youthful experience in the Woori Yallock, Upper Yarra, Beenak and Tonimbuk country standing him in good stead. In the "gold old days" when protection was not in vogue, kangaroo. wallaby, wombat and other vermin paid tribute to his skill and mountain lakes and streams contributed to the results of his duck gun and fishing rod, the latter consisting of  a tea -tree stick and  a line  without a floater and an old nut bolt as a sinker. Only quite recently he took a party of four into the wilds of some "wayback  country" and he had to cut a trail half-a mile in length through briars, thistles, stinging nettles, tangled vines and tiger snakes to get to the little rivulet which could be jumped across and they bagged 1 1/2 cwt of blackfish,  ranging from 1lb to 3lbs and 4lbs each . Dingoes, wallabies, wombats and black cockatoo were to be seen in plenty and some of the dingoes gave their last dismal howl.  The photo depicts 'Little Arthur" (he is 6ft long) -  the soldier hunter after  a day when permission was given to hunt deer in the Kooweerup Swamp, where their depredations had ruined many crops. His faithful dogs, Spot and Brindle, are at his feet and the trusty rifle in held in his right hand. The trophy shows one of the finest buck's heads in Victoria and is on view at Mr Gardiner's shop. It is valued at 15 guineas. We are indebted to Mr Rushton, photographer, Pakenham, for the original photo from which this plate is taken.

This is the photograph which accompanied the article. It's  a very poor copy, sorry.

What else do we know about Arthur? His full name was Arthur Joseph Gardiner. The National Archives of Australia has his enlistment paper (part of Series B4418) His Regimental number was 478 and he was part of the Second Australian Commonwealth Horse (Vic) Unit. He enlisted on January 7, 1902 and he was 22 years of age and a Surveyor's Assistant. He was born in Berwick.  His next of kin was his father - James Gardiner of Berwick. He was listed as being 5 feet, 8 inches tall - a few inches less that the 6 feet which was said to be his height in the article. Perhaps his work as a Surveyor's Assistant helped him playing the Boers' game  in getting through rough country. 

Arthur's enlistment paper from the National Archives of Australia.

However it appears that he had enlisted, around April 1900, previously in Tasmania as a Trooper (Regimental Number 55)in the Tasmanian Contingent. If you are interested in Boer War soldiers then the Australians in the Boer War website is a good source of information - this is the website

Tuesday, 29 September 2015

Mobile Library services

Every week the Mobile Library visits 11 different stops in the Cardinia Shire. The area has had a Mobile Library since 1973 and probably the peak of the service was in the late 1970s/early 1980s because as more Library Branches were built the need for mobile libraries lessened. If you are old enough then you would remember mobile libraries being referred to 'the bus library' as that's what it was - a bus full of books.

Library services in this area were provided for many years by the Dandenong Valley Regional Library Service (DVRLS) which commenced on March 9, 1973. This was a co-operative venture and it served the Shires of Pakenham and Cranbourne and the Cities of Berwick, Dandenong and Springvale. In 1973,  the DVRLS began its mobile service but the individual Councils soon realised that to gain better coverage of their area they should purchase their own vehicle. Thus in  November 1976 the Cranbourne Shire purchased a Library book mobile - the number of stops went from 4 to 15 and the number of loans went from  around 16, 500 in 1974 to 85, 500 in 1977*  a phenomenal increase which showed that people were interested in Library services.

In 1980/1981 the Berwick Pakenham Mobile visited 24 places per fortnight; the Cranbourne Mobile 15 places per fortnight and the Springvale Mobile  20 places per fortnight. This map, from the 1980/81 DVRLS Annual Report shows the branch Libraries and the bookmobile sites.

This is also from the DVRLS Annual Report 1980/1981 and shows the address of each stop and the circulation figures. 

The Cranbourne Shire Mobile timetable in 1984.

In 1987 the City of Berwick ceased Mobile Library Services due to opening of the  Endeavour Library in the May. This meant that the municipality now had static branches (as we like to call them) at Doveton, Narre Warren (in Malcolm Court) and Endeavour Hills.

This is the Mobile at Endeavour Hills in 1979.

As early as 1984 there was concern at the age over the age of the Mobiles in Pakenham and Cranbourne, by then they were both over 10 years old and the Annual Report says a decision  needs to be made as to whether Pakenham and Cranbourne each plan to buy a new bookmobile or  a large vehicle is purchased jointly and shared.  As it was it was not until April 1991 that Cranbourne purchased a new articulated vehicle and less than a year later in January 1992 Pakenham also purchased an articulated vehicle - by that we mean a prime mover and  a trailer. The new vehicles increased loans - Cranbourne loans went from 43,300 to 54,100 in the first full year of operation and Pakenham Mobile loans increased 50 per cent in the first eight months of operation.

This is the Cranbourne Mobile in 1993

The Cranbourne Mobile service ceased in December 1995, following the Council amalgamations of the previous year and the loss of most of its territory to Frankston City Council. Another consequence of the council reform was the disaggregation of the DVRLS as the  newly created City of Greater Dandenong (the old Cities of Dandenong and Springvale) withdrew from the DVRLS in 1995 and so the Casey Cardinia Library Service was created on October 1, 1996,  with the newly created City of Casey and Cardinia Shire.

The Cardinia Shire has continued on with the Mobile Library - a new trailer was purchased in 1999 and it was refurbished in April 2010. The opening of the new Emerald Library in July 2006 meant that the mobile no longer had to visit the township, but Maryknoll became a new mobile stop as did a second visit to Bunyip on the Saturday morning. A new prime mover was purchased in June 2013. Incidentally, in spite of the fact that it is a very urbanised and that traditionally Mobiles service rural areas, the City of Greater Dandenong didn't close down its mobile library service until about 2007. If you want an historical view of the townships the Cardinia Mobile stops at click here.

*The Good Country: into the dawn of a new day, 1968 to 1988 by Fred Hooper

Tuesday, 15 September 2015

Melway edition 6, 1973 - the Casey Cardinia pages.

I was very fortunate to be given a copy of the 1973 Edition 6 of the Melway Street Directory. I love street directories as they show how the area has developed over time. In 1973, what is now the City of Casey and Cardinia Shire took up nine pages in the Melway. 

This is Key Map (Southern Section) of the 1973 Melway, as you can see pages 127, 90, 91, 108, 109, 95, 96, 110, 111 and 128 cover the Casey Cardinia area.

Page 127 - covers Clematis and Emerald. 

Page 90 - covers Doveton and Endeavour Hills. 

Page 91 -  covers Hallam, Endeavour Hills and Doveton North (which is now called Endeavour Hills)

Page 108 - covers Narre Warren North

Page 109 - covers Harkaway

Page 95 - covers Lyndhurst and Dandenong South

Page 96 - covers Hampton Park, Hallam and what is now Lynbrook.

Page 110 - covers Narre Warren.

Page 111 - covers Berwick

Page 128 - covers Cranbourne

Friday, 4 September 2015

Reverend Alexander Duff (1824 to 1890)

The Reverend Alexander Duff played a large role in the early development of the Cranbourne area. He was born in Coagh in Northern Ireland in 1824 and obtained a Master of Arts from the University of Glasgow. He married Annie Tucker in Belfast when he was 29, around 1853, and they came to Australia soon after. Their eight children were all born in Victoria.

Alexander Duff. 
Photograph scanned from The Good Country:  Cranbourne Shire by Niel Gunson.

According to Niel Gunson in his book The Good County: Cranbourne Shire Duff was appointed by the Presbyterian Church to Dandenong on June 26, 1855 and on September 20 he was ordained. The Duffs initially lived with Alexander Cameron and conducted services in his house until Scots Presbyterian Church was opened on May 27 1860. A manse was also built at the same time. Duff also preached at Berwick in the early days and as far south as the Bass River area. He visited parishioners on his horse, Dobbin.

The original Scots Presbyterian Church, opened 1860. Thus Church was replaced by the existing Scots Church in, I believe, 1953.

A Presbyterian School opened in Cranbourne on June 1, 1856. This school was located on the site where the Presbyterian Church stands,  the first teacher being James Henry, the next teacher was Archibald Thomson. In 1862, the Commons School Act was passed and the School became Cranbourne Common School, No. 144. The School was closed in 1878 and the students moved to a new School on the South Gippsland Highway (where the Elderly Citizens are now located). In 1969, the Cranbourne State School, No. 2068, moved to Russell Street location.

State Government Gazette

In October 1855 Alexander was appointed the Registrar of Births and Deaths for Cranbourne and Dandenong. The Reverend Duff also held evening classes for young men and women on 'arithmetic, physics, mathematics, English, Latin, Greek, French and German. He was obviously interested in intellectual pursuits but he also valued physical activity - Niel Gunson writes that he tried his hand at black smith work and that he experimented with ways to improve cheese making. He ploughed his own paddocks and, in 1858, the Mornington Farmers Society held their ploughing competitions on his farm.

Duff retired to his farm at Cardinia in 1888 and he died on December 22 1890 aged 65. He left his entire estate to 'my dear wife, Annie Duff'. The value of his Estate was personal property of 1312 pounds and real estate valued at 1574 pounds.

Extract from Rev Duff's will dated August 11, 1884.

Obituary from the South Bourke and Mornington Journal December 24, 1890.

As we mentioned before, Alexander married Annie Tucker in Belfast around 1853. He was the son of Thomas Duff and Ann McMorran.  They had eight children - Walter (1855 to 1925, married Eva Sharp); Annie Elizabeth (1857 to 1934. married John Gason) ; William Tucker (1859 to 1935, married Alice Hobart); Dora Robina (1861 to 1939, married Robert Gibb); Maggie (1864 to 1938, married James Lecky); Mary Clarissa (known  as Minnie, 1865 to ?., married Inglebert Gunnelson); Alexander (1869 to 1941, married Mary Irwin) and lastly Edward John Tucker, born and died 1877. Annie died November 24, 1905 aged 74. The three surviving sons farmed in the Cardinia area. Walter Duff, James Lecky and Robert Gibb were all Cranbourne Shire Councillors.  Mary and Inglebert Gunnelson lived in Garfield and two of their sons, Inglebert and Percy,  were killed in the First World War.

Alexander's brother, Robert (1827 to 1861) was also in Australia. He and his wife Margaret established the Cranbourne Hotel, around 1860. It was in High Street, where Greg Clydesdale Square is now and was demolished around the 1970s. Margaret was also a Duff, perhaps a cousin, and her father operated an Inn in Coagh, County Tyrone, the birthplace of Alexander and Robert. After Robert died, Margaret married Edward Tucker, who was born in America and operated a store in Cranbourne. Edward's brother William (born in Belfast)  was also in the area. What connection were they to Annie Tucker, the wife of the Reverend Duff?  Some sources say that she was the sister of Edward and William Tucker, however in the Early Settlers of the Casey Cardinia District their parents are listed as Edward Tucker and Elizabeth Moore and Annie's death certificate has her mother's maiden name as Phillips, so I am not sure.

 Cranbourne Hotel, established circa 1860, by Robert and Margaret Duff. 
Photograph scanned from The Good Country:  Cranbourne Shire by Niel Gunson.

Tuesday, 25 August 2015

Lions of Berwick - Part 2

This is a series of Polaroid Instant Photographs that show the re-location of the lions from Brentwood in Clyde Road, Berwick to the War Memorial in High Street, Berwick around 1985. You can read all about the lions here The photos are not of great quality, but they are interesting from an historic point of view and for showing the logistics of the installation.

You can read more about the Lions of Berwick here.

Sunday, 16 August 2015

Sustenance Applications for the Shire of Berwick and the Shire of Cranbourne

The Public  Records Office of Victoria  has just received a series of  records consisting of the applications for sustenance administered by various Shires under the provisions of the Unemployment Relief (Administration) Act 1932. We are fortunate that the records cover the Shire of Berwick, the Shire of Cranbourne and the Shire of Dandenong.

According to the PROV blog the applications for Sustenance forms contain-
applicant name, place of birth, address, age, usual trade, marital status, out of employment details, particulars of children and dependents,  information regarding assets or income,  investigation notes regarding application and application support documentation such as statements of income. You can read the full blog post here and the blog provides the links to the records. Sadly, the records are not yet digitised so you will need to visit the PROV to see the records.

There are 231 applicants for the Shire of Cranbourne and only 46 for the Shire of Berwick. I am surprised that  there is such a discrepancy between the two sets of records as I would have thought that they would have had similar populations and thus a similar amount of applications. I don't have any population figures for 1932, but in 1944 the Shire of Cranbourne was 8022  in population and the Shire of Berwick was 9950.  Of all the applicants there were three women who applied in their own right -  Celia Brown,  Daphne Jean Dixon and  Meg Wilde. There were also two married couples - Henry and Beatrice Pedersen and C.T. and P. Priestley who applied.

Shire of Berwick Applicants (VPRS 17877)

ALLAN, John George Montgomery (Date of Birth 25/04/1888)  ALLSOP, Frank Henry  (1897) BAKER, Herbert Frank (31/12/1894) BAKER, William (1888)  BARNES, James  (1902) BICKNELL, Charles Richard  (15/01/1886)  BOOTH, William  (15/12/1904) BOULD, Walter  (14/10/1886) BROUGH, William  (1897) BROWN, Archie Edward  (1902) BROWN, Celia  (1870) BROWN, Cyril  (31/08/1895)   BROWN, John  (1905)   BUCK, Ronald Arthur (11/03/1912)
BUCKINGHAM, Thomas Leslie (1885)  CAMPBELL, Clyde  (1896) CAMPBELL, Eric (1900) CARR, George  (1904) CARROLL, Denis  (29/01/1907) CASLEY, James Henry  (1895)
CHILDS, Leo  CLANCY, George   CLARKE, Ernest  (1897) CLINCH, Edward  (1880) COBBLEDICK, Robert William  (1891)  COLE, Gordon Keith ( 07/12/1900) CORBIN, Edward Albert  (01/10/1906) CORRY, John  (1885)  COWAN, Frederick William CUMMINS, Michael Francis  (1873 or 1875) CURLEY, James T   DALTON, Arthur Lionel (30/08/1909)
D’ANDREA, Guido  (1902) DANIEL, William Walter  (1914)  DAWES, John Cedric  (20/02/1915) DAWSON, Thomas Richard  (26/09/1898)  DEAN, J.H. DIXON, Daphne Jean  (1906) DODD, Frank Crichton  (1878) DOWLING, Joseph Henry  (28/11/1875) DUNLOP, Robert  (01/08/1902) FELTHAM, Robert Courtney  (24/12/1908) FOUNTAIN, J.A. FOX, Frederick Samuel (22/04/1884) HYDE, Thomas Alfred (15/10/1895) ROGERS, Alfred  (21/02/1896) Shire of Cranbourne Applicants (VPRS 17876)

ADAMS, Frederick George (1870)   ADDERLEY, William James (02/05/1903)     AGNEW, Thomas James ( 02/11/1905)  AGOSTA, Francesco Frank (27/04/1904)  AKISTER, Norman ( 1903) ALEC, John  (1891)  ALLARD, John Charles  (06/07/1899)     ALLEN, William Robert (1905)   ALLSOP, Edward William John (1908) ALLSOP, Harold Victor  (10/07/1911) ANDREWS, Harry  (06/05/1916) ASTON, Herbert W  ( 1905)      AXFORD, William Douglas (1909)                           BAILEY, John Wier (1913)    BALCHIN, J.S.      BALFOUR, William Scott (21/06/1888)             BARTLETT, John (1897)    BASSO, Eugenio (1903)     BAXTER, Norman Alexander (08/02/1910) BERTONCELLO, Settimo (1905)   BERTONCELLO, Settimo (1905)   BISHOP, George Juble (18/03/1887)   BLACK, Alfred   BLACK, Roy (1899)    BROUGHTON, Lemuel (Should this be Samuel?) ( 26/11/1912)  BOULD, Mervyn Earnest (1904)  BOULD, Roydon Dean (1907)   BOULD, Stanley Edward John (1908)  BRAND, Alexander King  (01/07/1903)   BRUNSDEN, Thomas Henry (1909)   BRYAN, Daniel   (09/03/1897)    BULMAN, Keith Noel          BULMAN, Vere James Frederick (1903)    BURGAN, Clarence Frederick  (05/05/1916)       BURGAN, Frederick Galloway (24/05/1895)    BURGESS, Fred (1907)      BURLEY, Hugh Lauder (1908)    BURNETT, Alexander  (19/06/1876)     BURNS, William Noble (1905)    

CADDY, Donald  (05/11/1899)  CAIN, Henry Roy (1906)  CANTY, Daniel  (26/08/1877) CASERTO, Veto  ( 06/06/1897)  CASTELLO, Rosario (03/09/1899)  CHAPRONIERE, Henry Stanley (1905) CIANCI, Domenico (1883)   CLAYDON, John William (22/12/1897) CLINTON, James (1880)   COATES, George Frederick (1903)   COCHRANE, James (05/11/1886)  COCHRANE, James Thompson (1883) COLLINS, Thomas (02/04/1897)   CONSIDINE, Leo David (09/08/1908)    CONSOLINO, Giuseppe (01/01/1990)  COOK, Frank (1901)  COOK, William  (12/02/1885)    COOTER, Stanley Ralph (1903)   COBETT, Michael James (1906)  CORBETT, Thomas Patrick (08/08/1877) CORBETT, Thomas Patrick  (8/11/1901) CORNWALL, James Arthur (1884) COSGRAVE, Alfred John (1878) COTTER, John Jack (1910) COULSON, Harry William Oliver (1882) COX, Harold William (1909) CRAFT, R  CRAMERI, Eugene Dominic (04/06/1914) CRAMERI, Joseph Francis  (1907) CRIPPS, Regional Edward  (26/01/1912) CUMMING, Alan  (06/07/1905)

D’FLORA, Matteo (1897) DON, James Gilbert  (30/12/1894) DONOVAN, Charles John (1885) DUGGAN, Raymond Stacey (08/02/1890) EDWARDS, Henry  (1906) ELLIOTT, Cecil (1886 or 1888)   ELSEGOOD, T.A.   ENGLISH, Thomas Joseph (25/06/1903) EPPS, Ernest William  (23/01/1906)  ESLER, John William Leslie  (28/10/1899) FECNHER, Edgar Phillip (1896) FECHNER, Edgar Phillip  (20/10/1896) (2 different records for Edgar Fechner)  FECHNER, William (1905) FELLHAUER, William (1899) FLESTEAD, Clifford John Stanley (09/04/1896) FERRARO, Gregoro ( 12/02/1899) FIELD, Michael Joseph (30/10/1882) FLANAGAN, Harry Albert (1894) FLENTJAR, Alfred William (1912) FLENTJAR, Alfred William (20/11/1911) FLENTJAR, Leslie James (1908) FLENTJAR, O   FRANKLIN, William James (1907) FLOOD, Percy (11/03/1881) GALLAGHER, W    GALLENTI, Desiderio (07/05/1906) GALLENTI, Saverio (08/09/1881) GALLENTI, Sebastiano (1911)  GANDOLFO, Sebastiano (1900)  GARBELLINI, William Peter (16/10/1895) GIBSON, Alexander (1897)     GILLAN, Thomas (1867)    GIULIANO, Giovanni (1887)     GLASHEEN, Edward John (1893)  GLASHEEN, Edward John (26/04/1893) (2 different records for Edward John Glasheen)  GLEESON, Clarence Michael  (02/04/1889)
 GORRIE, John Callaghan (19/07/1894) GRANT, Albert Harold (1903) GRIFFIN, Keith Albert (1917) GRIFFITHS, Henry  (18/08/1897) GROVER, Alfred Henry (1869)
GRUNDY, Reginald Henry   (18/08/1906) GUNTON, Vernon (1912)

HARVEY, John  (10/03/1888 or 10/03/1898)  HAWKINS, Elvin Thomas (1906)  HEALY, Pierce Edward (1912)  HENDERSON, David Metcalfe (1876)   HENNESSY, James  (08/07/1892) HICKEY, Michael John (14/02/1865)   HILLIER, Robert Vincent  (15/12/1889)    HOLLAND, A.W.

JACKSON, George Amess (1915) JENNINGS, Keith  (1905) KING, Frederick (1911) LEACH,  C.F LOVEDAY, William (1885) MARIO, Dorio  (1901) MARTIN, John   (02/03/1902) MATHESON, R.L   MAYNARD, Bernard James   (01/11/1905) McCARTEN, Malcolm Douglas (1909)  McCOLL, J.D.M.   McDERMOTT, James    McDERMOTT,  Phelin Thomas (25/12/1900) McEVOY, Thomas  (1890) McFARLANE, Walter (1882) McLEAN, Alexander (1893) McKENZIE , A.   McKENZIE, John George (1893) McQUADE, John   (1873 or 1875) McQUIRE, John   MELROSE, A.T   MILLS, John Beatson  (02/10/1912) MOORE, James Henry  (1879) MORGAN, Leslie Alexander  (19/08/1906) MORGAN, William Frank  (03/06/1914)  MORGAN, William John (1870)    MULLENBACH, Anton (1889)  MURCOTT, Alfred William (25/06/1904)       MURPHY, John James  (1883)  MURRAY, Henry George (1907)  MURRAY, Martin Frances  (15/10/1882)   MUSGROVE, Harry Cyril   (16/07/1890)       
NELSON, Arthur Stephen (1899)     NICHOLS, John Frederick (1883)  NIX, Martin  (1885)       NORTH, A.E    O'BRIEN, Denis    OGIER, Jack Bernard  (12/05/1907)     O'LOUGHLAN, Michael James  (07/09/1899)    PARKER, Gerald Percival  (08/07/1898)        PAYNE, George Daniel P (21/06/1916)     PEARSON, R.G.   PEDERSEN, Henry Andrew and  Beatrice   PERGANDI, W   
PERKINS, Thomas Wedge (1899)   PETERSON, Gordon Victor (1896)   PETERSON, William Magnus  (08/05/1913)    POLGLASE, A.R.    POLLOCK, James Jim  (1895 or 1896)
POWELL, G.W.   PRESTON, Henry   (14/07/1879)  PRIESTLEY, C.T and P.   PROSSER, Leslie Henry  (11/11/1896)

QUARRELL, Ivor James (1904)     RANDLE, H.G.    REES, Charles Robert (25/06/1912) RICHARDS, John Burnard Bernard  (15/01/1875)   RICHARDSON, William David (1900) RICHMOND, Arthur  (07/02/1893)   RIDGWAY, John Alfred  (1844)  ROBERTS, Edgar (31/01/1897)  ROWLANDS, Arthur James (20/07/1870)  RULE, George W

SANDS, Alfred Walter (1899) SARGENT, Benjamin  (08/10/1892) SAVAGE, Francis Frank William (1894) SAVAGE, Patrick Leslie  (07/07/1897) SCOTT, Michael Edwin (1901) SCOTT, Thomas James (1887) SCOTT, Walter Alfred  (1908)  SEELAF, George (1914)  SEELAF, George  (02/03/1884) SHARP, E.G    SHEA, Arthur Patrick (1873) SPRINGFIELD, Fredrick Arthur Courtney (1911 or 1912) SPRINGFIELD, Jeffrey William Manning  (18/09/1903) SKANE, Leonard George  (24/05/1901) STEEN, Andrew John  (30/11/1903) STENGEL, Louis  (12/08/1878) STRAHAN, David Dalmahoy  (03/05/1903) SWEET, George Mathew (06/07/1914) SWEET, John Henry (31/05/1909)

TALBOT, Walter (1897) TETLEY, C   TIMMINS, Maxwell John (09/01/1905) TIMMINS, Thomas Joseph  (08/06/1879) THOMPSON, Henry James (1910) TORNEY, William James  (14/02/1910) UREN, Edgar Spencer Still (1887)  WAKEFIELD, Alexander George (26/07/1902)  WARLOW, Victor James (1907)  WARREN, George  (1911)  WHITE, William  (17/03/1897)  WHITEHURST, John  (1907)  WILDE, Meg   WILLIS, James Christopher  (1884)   WILLIAMS, John Wilks  (1874) WILSON, Donald Alexander   (1905)   WILSON, Horace William  (1910) WILSON, Reginald William Hall (1899)  WILSON, Sydney  (1913) WITHEROW, Laurence   WOODS, Mark Phillip (1910) WRAIGHT, Harry Thomas (1889) WREGG, Leslie Frank Theodore (04/08/1902) YEOMANS, Leslie  (1906) ZAPPULLA, Stephen  (1915)

Monday, 3 August 2015

Cranbourne Shire Naturalization ceremony, 1960.

The Koo-Wee-Rup Swamp Historical Society had a pile of old Koo-Wee-Rup Suns dumped on their doorstep a while ago. Like all old newspapers they are interesting and slightly addictive reading. I came across this article from the paper of December 14, 1960 which talks about a Shire of Cranbourne Naturalization Ceremony held at the Memorial Hall in Koo-Wee-Rup. 

It is of interest for a number of reasons - firstly it lists the full name and address of each person - obviously no privacy concerns in 1960; secondly it gives us an idea of the main nationalities of the local migrants - Dutch and Italian -  and lastly I love the bit about Mrs Glasscock inviting the ladies to join their local Country Women's Association branch. I am sure they would have been made welcome, but I wonder how many took up the offer.

Koo-Wee-Rup Sun December 14, 1960

37 naturalized at Kooweerup ceremony last Thursday

Australia's march to nationhood was speeded on its way on Thursday evening when 37 people accepted full Australian citizenship at a Naturalization ceremony at the Kooweerup Memorial Hall. Shire President, Mr Russell Smith, administered the oath before a large crowd. Present also were Shire Councillors L.J Cochrane, M.L.A; P.B Fechner;  McL Greaves and H. Evans; Shire Secretary Mr Tom Grant and the Rev Father J. Opie.

Cr Smith congratulated the candidates on the wonderful steps they had taken in becoming Australian citizens and wished them every success in the land of their choice.

Mrs M. Glasscock on behalf of the Kooweerup C.W.A., presented each lady candidate with a spray of flowers and invited then to join their respective C.W.A branches.

Rev Father Opie warmly welcomed the candidates into full  Australian citizenship. He said that the parents had made great sacrifices for their young families who were already full Australians in every sense of the word.

After the ceremony the people present enjoyed a supper provided by the Pre-School Association.

Those naturalized were: Mrs  Elizabeth Catharina Boekel, Bounndary Road, Kooweerup; Petrus Boekel, Boundary Road, Kooweerup; Vito Castello, Salmon Street, Kooweerup; Antonio de Pasquale, Station Street, Kooweerup; Alfridus Johanus Hoogenboom, Olive Road, Devon Meadows; Eugen Kohler, 79 William Street, Cranbourne; Mrs Hedwig Katharina Kohler, 79 William Street, Cranbourne; Mrs Ursula M. Meiberg, 84 Walter Street, Cranbourne; Gaetano Pepe, Station Street, Kooweerup; Mrs Marianna Pepe, Station Street, Kooweerup; Luigi Raffa, 28 Gardiner Street, Kooweerup; Adrianus van den Bogaart, McDonald Drain Road, Kooweerup; Mrs Petronella Gerarda van den Broek, 'Spring Meadows', Clyde North; Mrs Johanna van der Valk, South Gippsland Highway, Tooradin; Johannes van der Valk, South Gippsland Highway, Tooardin; Loduvicus van der Valk, South Gippsland Highway Tooardin; Catharine van der Valk, South Gippsland Highway, Tooradin, Mrs Catharina Susanna van Os, Victoria Road, Pearcdeale; Wilhelm van Os, Victoria Road, Pearcedale; Douwe Winsemius, Pakenham Road, Kooweerup; Miss Janke Winsemius, Pakenham Road, Kooweerup; Mrs Trijntje Winsemius, Pakenham Road, Kooweerup; Mrs Francisca van den Bogaart, Kooweerup.